Panglong Agreement Burmese Version


On February 12, 1947, General Aung San in Panglong, in his capacity as head of the transitional government, signed before independence and the leaders Shan, Kachin and Chin signed an agreement on a formula of federalism. The agreement, which accepted the principle of “full autonomy in the internal administration for border areas”, is celebrated every year as a Union Day. But the agreement was never respected. Union Day falls on February 12 and is the anniversary of the Panglong Agreement signed between General Aung San and the ethnic leaders of Chin, Kachin and Shan, an agreement that promised autonomy to ethnic regions. Since then, it has been a point of reference for ethnic nationalities and symbolizes the possibility of a Federal Union within Burma, in which the rights of ethnic peoples are […] The announcement was made in a statement on the third day of meetings between armed ethnic groups organized by the United Wa State Army at its headquarters in Panghsang. The agreement was signed by the UWSA and Kachin Independence Army, ta`ang National Liberation Army, Myanmar National Democratic Army, Arakan Army, Shan State Army-North And National Democratic Alliance Army, the latter also known as Mong La. In a 32-minute speech focused on unity, reconciliation and trust, she also called on all national ethnic groups that had not yet signed the national ceasefire agreement to do so with “courage and self-confidence”. “Join us in our twenty-first century Panglong Agreement,” she said. On 12 February 2012, Burma celebrated the 65th Union Day, a public holiday recalling the signing of the Panglong Agreement by Aung San, leader of the Burmese independence movement, representing the Chin, Shan and Kachin peoples. The agreement, which was never implemented, provided for the creation of a federal union, called for power-sharing between the majority of Burmese and non-Burmese nationalities, and granted non-Burmese ethnic nationalities autonomy in the management of their territories. Other guests of honor were family members of the deceased ethnic leaders who signed the agreement. For some, it was the first time they could attend a Union Day ceremony in Panglong.

The declaration called for the signing of a new ceasefire agreement, the creation of a truly federal union on the basis of bilateral agreements with the previous government, an end to the Tatmadaw offensives in ethnic minority areas and the start of a comprehensive political dialogue as soon as possible. Their call was made amid preparations for a second twenty-first-century Panglong Union Peace conference — which was scheduled to begin on February 28, but was most likely postponed until March — and efforts to convince non-signatory groups to sign the ANC. Saohpalong of Tawngpeng State. Saohpalong of Yawnghwe State. Saohpalong of the state of Nord-Hsenwi. Saohpalong of Laihka State. Saohpalong of Mong Pawn (great-grandfather of Sai Sai Kham Leng) state. Saohpalong of Hsamonghkam Representative of the State of Hsahtung Saohpalong. Hkun Pung U Tin E U Htun Myint U Kya Bu Hkun Sao Sape Hpa Hkun Htee (Sai Sai Kham Leng`s great-grandfather) A conference participant, Sai Aung Myint Oo, said that although the Union was born out of the Panglong Agreement, the failure to implement it created a lack of trust. The “Panglong promises” are in the 1947 Constitution, he added, referring to Chapter X, which gave each state the right to separate from the Union under certain conditions.

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